A Wonderful Fusion of Hindu and Muslim Architectures.
Huge courtyards, open pavilions, majestic palaces, and ponds and fountains- Fatehpur Sikri, a hill-top city, was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar. This 4 century old city was the imperial town of the Mughal dynasty between 1571 and 1584. Fatehpur Sikri is made of red sandstone and is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Located at a distance of about 37 kms from Agra, Fatehpur Sikri and its architectural grandeur can not be described in words. Beautiful monuments, their ornate columns, arches, carving style, and every architectural pattern shows a unique blend of Islamic, Gujarati and Rajasthani architecture.
The city is famous for monuments like the Naubat Khana, Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Khas, Jodha Bai?s Palace, Panch Mahal, Bulland Darwaza, and the Jama Masjid. The city was the favourite of the Mughal Emperor Akbar because of the beautiful tomb of Sheikh Salim Chisti. The city houses Royal and Spiritual enclosures. Its Royal enclosure, comprising of nine palaces, is the most beautiful and splendid portion. The nine popular palaces are Ankh Michauli, Diwan-i-Khas, Astrologer's Seat, Panch Mahal, Girl's School, Turkish Sultana, Anup Talao, Khwabgah and Diwan-i-Am.
Famous for its Quranic inscriptions, this 15-storey high gateway (the largest in the world) guards the north-eastern entrance of Fatehpur Sikri. Built in 1601 A.D. by Akbar, the Buland Darwaza commemorates his victory over Gujarat. Situated on a hilltop, the imposing Buland Darwaza forms the gateway to the famous Jama Masjid. With a height of 40.84 metre and a flight of 42 steps, this semi octagonal structure is built of red sandstone and white marble. Along with calligraphic inscriptions from the Quran, it has an inscription of a saying by Jesus. The grand Bulland darwaza has an arch that resembles the pattern of Jama Masjid. With a unique architectural beauty, the Bulland Darwza is known as the most interesting structure in Fatehpur Sikri.
The rich heritage of India and the endeavor of the charismatic Mughals can be explored at the majestic Panch Mahal. Built on the pattern of a Buddhist Temple, this five storied airy sandstone palace is located within the fort complex of Fatehpur Sikri. Popular as the highest point in Fatehpur Sikri, the palace was built by Akbar for his pleasure and relaxation. The whole structure stands on 56 columns, located on the ground floor. Standing on the western line of the courtyard, it offers a splendid view of the western part of Fatehpur Sikri including the Buland Darwaza. Another major attraction at the Panch Mahal is a beautiful pool called the Anoop Talao. The dome at the top of the palace provides a Mughal feel to the structure.
Salim Chisti Tomb
One of the most revered mausoleums in India, the Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti is one of the excellent pieces of white marble work in India. The tomb is a tribute to the great Sufi saint, Sheikh Salim Chisti, who blessed emperor Akbar with a son (Jahangir Jahandar). Built in 1570, the tomb is a marvellous piece of architecture made of red sandstone and marble. Its four carved pillars and floral designs resemble the Gujarati style of architecture. Unparalleled Naqqashi, Jaali work and decoration with pearls, lapis and topaz in this low-domed tomb make it an extraordinary piece of art work for the tourists and devotees belonging to any religion. The names of Prophet Mohammad and the four Caliphs of Islam are inscribed around the arched entrance.
The city of Fatehpur Sikri is listed among UNESCO World Heritage Sites because of all these wonderful monuments and excellent architecture. Tourists from all over India and the world visit these places to explore the true Indian heritage and culture.