About Jammu and Kashmir
The Heaven on Earth.
Jammu and Kashmir, the very name conjures up images of unsurpassed scenic beauty?snow-capped mountains, mesmerizing valleys, romantic lakes, arresting rivers, colourful flowers and enchanting landscapes with the mighty Himalayas as its backdrop. The credit for the international fame of this celestial destination goes to its overwhelming tourist attractions,which never fail to leave tourists spell bound. Jammu and Kashmir is aptly called “heaven on earth”. If you have not seen Jammu and Kashmir, you have not seen the paradise on earth.
Attractions of Jammu And Kashmir
For a glorious journey, step into the majestic land of Jammu and Kashmir and treat your senses to a delightful experience?an experience which will remain etched in your heart forever. Undoubtedly God has liberally bestowed Jammu and Kashmir with sheer beauty! Some of the best tourist attractions of Jammu and Kashmir are Srinagar, Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Somamarg, Wullar Lake, Leh, Zanskar, Kargil, Patnitop, Sanasar, Kishtwar and Krimchi. These destinations are dotted with amazing religious places, historical places, monuments and places high on scenic beauty quotient. A visit to these tourist attractions will move your adrenalin level into high gear. The state of Jammu and Kashmir is mainly divided into three regions: Jammu, Kashmir valley and Ladakh. The striking feature of this state is the variation in geography, culture, religion and climate in all its three different regions. While Kashmir valley is the epitome of scenic beauty, Jammu is famous for numerous pilgrimages, and Ladakh, or “Little Tibet”, is known for its mountainaineouss beauty and Buddhist culture.
Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of India. Covering an area of 222,236 sq km, Jammu and Kashmir is situated mostly in the mighty Himalayas.
Flora And Fauna
Jammu and Kashmir abounds in flora and fauna. From the flora of the arid plain to the temperate and alpine flora of the higher elevation, Jammu has it all. Some of the predominant trees found here are maple, horse chest nuts and silver fir. The trees found on the higher altitudes are birch, rhododendron, berbers and some herbal plants. The most commonly found tree in Kashmir is the giant Chinar. The valley of Kashmir looks breathtaking with colourful trees, which change colours in autumn. Deodar, pine and fir are the other trees found here. Walnut, willow, almond and cider make up the important flora of Kashmir. Kashmir produces a wide range of agricultural products such as? apples, barley, cherries, corn, millet, oranges, rice, peaches, pears, saffron, sorghum, vegetables, saffron and wheat.
The fauna of Jammu and Kashmir include leopard, cheetah,Ibex, Snow Leopard, Musk deer, wolf, Markhor, Red bear, Black bear, deer, wild sheep, bear, brown musk shrew, musk rat, snakes, bats, lizards and frogs, chakor, snow partridge, pheasants, peacock. Ladakh boasts of around 240 species of birds including local and migratory birds.
Good news for wildlife enthusiasts, Jammu and Kashmir has amazing wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. Providing shelter to a wide range of wildlife, some of the wildlife destinations of Jammu and Kashmir are Dachigam National Park, Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve, Jasrota National Park, Kishtwar High Altitude National Park, Nandni Wildlife Sanctuary,Ramnagar National Park, Surinsar Mansar Wildlife Sanctuary. Comfortable accommodation within or near these wildlife destinations are readily available.
Safaris In Jammu and Kashmir
Apart from exploring the scenic beauty of the mountains and valleys of Jammu and Kashmir on a Jeep safari, tourists can enjoy several adventure sports in the state. Being a hilly region, Jammu and Kashmir provides exciting opportunities for trekking, hiking and mountaineering. Adventure buffs from across the world flock to this state to indulge in several adventure sports. The famous Dal Lake offers opportunities for water skiing. In winters tourists can enjoy skiing down the snowy slopes at Gulmarg. Shikara rides along the beautiful lakes is an awesome experience. Last but not the least, the wildlife safaris is another option of entertainment.
Indulge in shopping in Jammu and Kashmir and take back home some of the finest handicrafts of India. The handicrafts of the state are truly beautiful and durable. Kashmiri shawls (Pashmina) are renowned the world over for their colour embroidery and best quality. Other shopping items available in Jammu and Kashmir are wood carvings and furniture, woollen carpets, woven willow baskets, vases, bowls and other decorative items, silk and embroidery works, brass and silverware etc.
Due to the variation of topography, the climate of Jammu and Kashmir varies greatly. In summers, the temperature of Kashmir varies from 10 ?C to 25 ?C. The winters are very cold with temperature dropping below 0 ?C. The plains of Jammu are relatively hot with temperature rising to 35?C in summers. In winters the temperature of Jammu drops to around 5?C.
How To Reach
By Air: The three domestic airports of Jammu and Kashmir at Srinagar , Jammu, and Leh? connect the state with other major cities of India by regular flights.
By Rail: Jammu Tawi is the most important railway station of Jammu and Kashmir, which connects the state with all the major cities of the country by regular trains.
By Road: The state is efficiently connected to other major cities of India such as Delhi, Amritsar, Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalander, Pathankot, Shimla and Manali by a good network of roads.