People and Culture

Jammu and Kashmir has vibrant cultures. From literature to lifestyle and language to religion, arts, crafts, music and dance, Jammu and Kashmir is an outstanding tourist destination. Enjoy and experience the rich cultural heritage of this 'Paradise on earth' by planning a tour to Jammu and Kashmir.

People and Culture of Jammu and Kashmir

The state is divided into three regions - Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh, each having its own unique traditions and customs. Kashmir is mainly inhabited by Muslims, Jammu by the Hindus and Ladakh by the Buddhists. This brings an amazing diversity here. The Dogras are another community of the state.

The colorful dresses of the locals here are very attractive. Majority of the population wear traditional clothes. During winters they wear a kind of loose overcoat called Pheran. It is worn over a kurta. And under the Pheran, is a warm pot of charcoals called 'kangri', which helps in keeping them warm.


The main language of Jammu and Kashmir is Urdu followed by Kashmiri, Ladakhi and Dogri.

Fairs and Festivals

Numerous fairs and festivals are celebrated in Jammu and Kashmir including some of the most popular ones like Baisakhi (the harvest festival), Lohri, Eid-ul-Fitr, Jhiri Fair, Bahu Mela, Mansar Food And Craft Mela and Purmandal Mela.

Dance and Music

Capturing the hearts of tourists, the dance and music of Jammu and Kashmir are simply fabulous. No celebration here is complete without dance and music. Ruf dance, Bachha Nagma dance and Dandaras dance are the major dance forms of the state. Ladishah is a famous sarcastic form of singing, filled with a lot of humor.


The beautiful and fine handicrafts of Jammu and Kashmir are famous the world over. Almost each region of the state has a lot to offer in terms of handicrafts. The most talked about handicraft of the state is the Pashmina shawl, famous for its perfect quality and beauty. The fine embroidery done on them looks stunning. The craftsmen of Jammu and Kashmir are also perfect in crafting articles in wood, metal and stone. Papier mache work is another art of the state.


Food lovers will surely have a great time on their tour to Jammu and Kashmir as the state has much to offer. Be it vegetarian or non-vegetarian, you will have a lot to choose from. You must try the following famous culinary delights of the state: Non-veg- Roganjosh, Yakhni and Gushtaba; Vegetarian- Dum aloo and Chaman.

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