The very popular Humayun's tomb, the very first garden tomb in India flaunts the most fascinating architectural design of the Mughal dynasty. Raised as per a brilliant and mathematical plan, this unique architecture took eight long years to complete. The plan was as per the descriptions of Islamic gardens and its style was followed in several other Mughal constructions in India, including the Taj Mahal in Agra.
The rule of Humayun started off after the death of his father, Emperor Babur in 1530 AD. After ruling for about a decade, he was overruled by Sher Shah Suri. However, he regained his throne around 1555. After his death, his Persian widow Haji Begum or Bega begum took the charge of building a tomb for her husband. A Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyuath worked on the architecture of , Humayun?s tomb. The work for the same started in the year 1562.
This garden tomb is a unique inspiration for the lavish hotels of India. The tomb is raised in red sandstone with a hint of yellow and black sandstone to give a contrast. This variation in colour is a delight to the eyes of the tourists. It is placed in the middle of a geometrically arranged garden. According to Islam, paradise or jannat is a place set somewhere in the middle of a garden from where a water stream flows. The garden is built in 36 square blocks that are divided into 4 separate gardens. The style is called the Char Bagh Garden Style.
Based on the description of Islamic Paradise Gardens, the tomb is octagonal in shape, and crowned by 42.5 m high colossal double dome. The dome is 140 feet high from the base of the terrace and is topped with a copper pinnacle. The whole tomb is built over a platform with colonnades, under which lie the graves of various nobles and workers of Humayun's period. The central room in Humayun's tomb has the cenotaphs of the emperor Humayun and his queen Bega Begum. It is believed that Hamida Begum spent more than one and a half million rupees to build this majestic monument, which was completed in the year 1570.
Most of the tourist attractions of Delhi are related to the Mughal dynasty one way or the other. Humayun's Tomb is considered the first mature example of Mughal architecture in India. The tomb clearly reveals the love of Mughals for gardens, fountains and water. Humayun?s Tomb was added to the UNESCO?s World Heritage List in the year 1993.